party wall surveying

For any homeowner, it's crucial to recognise and respect the boundaries that separate your property from your neighbours'. A shared boundary, also known as a Party Wall, can often lead to confusion and disputes if improperly constructed or maintained. As a property owner, it is essential to understand your party wall rights, responsibilities, and the role of Party Wall Surveyors in helping to identify, prevent and resolve any related disputes.

Icon Surveyors specialises in resolving such conflicts and providing Residential Surveying services throughout England and Wales, including Party Wall Surveying, Boundary Surveying, Building Surveying, and Valuation.

In this blog post, we aim to demystify Party Wall Surveying by providing an overview of Party Wall legislation, explaining the necessity of a Party Wall Agreement, and detailing the role of a Party Wall Surveyor. As part of our commitment to empowering homeowners with essential knowledge, we delve into the complexities of Party Wall Surveying, ensuring you understand your responsibilities and are equipped to navigate shared boundary matters with ease.

By grasping the fundamentals of Party Wall regulations and surveying, you can confidently uphold your legal obligations, manage shared boundaries effectively, and maintain a harmonious relationship with your neighbours.

The Party Wall Act, established in 1996, serves as a protective measure for homeowners and neighbours alike, addressing potential disputes and providing a framework to ensure legal compliance when undertaking construction or renovation works in proximity to a shared boundary.

Whether you plan to extend your property or simply maintain your shared wall, understanding the intricacies of Party Wall Surveying is essential for fostering a respectful and supportive neighbourhood dynamic. Join us as we explore the intricate world of Party Wall Surveying, equipping you with critical insights for peace-of-mind and successful property maintenance.

The Party Wall Act Explained

The Party Wall Act 1996 is a statute governing construction and maintenance of shared walls and boundaries between adjacent properties in England and Wales. It provides a legal framework for preventing and resolving disputes between neighbours while ensuring that any work carried out on or near a shared boundary is done in compliance with the law. Key provisions of the Party Wall Act include:

  • Notice Requirements: Before undertaking any work that may affect a party wall, affected homeowners must provide written notice to their adjoining neighbours, specifying the proposed work and its potential impact on the shared boundary.
  • Party Wall Agreements: If the neighbours consent to the proposed work, a Party Wall Agreement can be established, outlining the terms and conditions for carrying out the work. This document typically includes details on access, schedules, and any necessary protection measures.
  • Dispute Resolution: If a neighbour does not consent to the proposed work, the Party Wall Act provides a dispute resolution procedure in which a Party Wall Surveyor, or surveyors, can be appointed to examine the proposed work and make necessary recommendations or determinations.

Understanding Party Wall Agreements

A Party Wall Agreement is a document, often legally binding, setting out the terms for carrying out work on or near a shared boundary, including details on timeframes, access and protective measures. Establishing a Party Wall Agreement can help prevent disputes between neighbours by clarifying responsibilities, expectations and requirements for the work. Some common situations that may necessitate a Party Wall Agreement include:

  • Constructing a new wall along a shared boundary
  • Excavating foundations near a party wall or adjacent structures
  • Modifying an existing party wall, such as increasing its height or thickness
  • Repairing or maintaining a party wall or structure

The Role of a Party Wall Surveyor

A Party Wall Surveyor is a professional with expertise in party wall matters, responsible for assessing proposed work on or near a shared boundary, ensuring legal compliance, and providing recommendations or determinations as required under the Party Wall Act. The primary functions of a Party Wall Surveyor include:

  • Assessing Proposed Work: A Party Wall Surveyor will examine the planned work and its potential impact on the shared boundary, taking into account factors such as structural integrity, potential damage, and the rights of neighbouring property owners.
  • Advising on Legal Requirements: The surveyor will inform the parties involved of their rights and obligations under the Party Wall Act, providing guidance on necessary notices, consents and procedures.
  • Preparing a Party Wall Award: If a dispute arises or agreement cannot be reached, the Party Wall Surveyor will prepare a Party Wall Award, a legally binding document outlining the terms under which the work may proceed, including details on access, schedules, protective measures, and dispute resolution procedures.
  • Monitoring Work Progress: During the execution of the work, the Party Wall Surveyor may monitor its progress, ensuring it adheres to the terms of the Party Wall Agreement or Award.

Navigating Party Wall Disputes

Party Wall disputes can arise from various issues, ranging from disagreements over proposed work to disputes regarding responsibility for repairs or maintenance. When such disputes occur, the Party Wall Act offers a dispute resolution process, including the appointment of a Party Wall Surveyor or surveyors to resolve the disagreement. Key steps in the dispute resolution process include:

  • Identifying the Issue: Clearly define the cause of the dispute and determine whether it falls under the provisions of the Party Wall Act.
  • Appointing a Party Wall Surveyor: The parties in dispute can jointly appoint a single Party Wall Surveyor or each appoint their own surveyor, who will work together to resolve the issue.
  • Engaging in Mediation: If possible, the involved parties should attempt to resolve the dispute through negotiation or mediation before proceeding to formal dispute resolution.
  • Party Wall Award: If the dispute cannot be resolved through mediation, the Party Wall Surveyor(s) will prepare a Party Wall Award, providing a legally binding determination on the matter.


Understanding the intricacies of Party Wall Surveying and legislation is essential for homeowners and neighbours alike, promoting harmony and cooperation in shared boundary matters. By being informed of your party wall rights and responsibilities, you can effectively manage your property boundaries while maintaining a respectful and supportive relationship with your neighbours. Icon Surveyors, as a leading provider of Residential Surveying services across England and Wales, endeavours to equip clients with the knowledge and expertise necessary to navigate complex party wall matters confidently.

Protect your property and investment with the help of our expert party wall surveying services. Our team of experienced building surveyors at Icon Surveyors specialise in party wall surveying, boundary surveying, building surveying, and valuation services throughout England and Wales. With our vast knowledge and experience, we are the go-to experts for all your party wall act needs. From initial consultation to final report, we provide a comprehensive and professional service to ensure your property is protected and your project runs smoothly. Don't wait to protect your investment and contact us today to schedule a consultation with our party wall surveying specialists.

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Icon Surveyors

We are a team of party wall surveying experts based throughout London and the surrounding areas. Here, we share informative property survey blogs created by industry experts.



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