Whether you're a homeowner looking to make improvements to your property or a developer starting a construction project, understanding party wall surveying can be critical to avoiding disputes and ensuring a smooth construction process. This informative guide is designed to provide you with essential insights on party wall surveying, its importance, the involved processes, and how professional surveyors like Icon Surveyors can assist you throughout the entire process.

The term 'Party Wall' refers to a wall that separates two adjoining properties, typically in a residential or commercial setting. The Party Wall Act of 1996 was introduced to help prevent and resolve any disputes related to shared walls and boundaries between neighbouring property owners. It requires that both parties notify and gain consent from each other before proceeding with any planned construction work that can directly affect the shared boundary. Construction work involving excavation or construction near an adjoining property, for example, would typically require adherence to the Party Wall Act.

Stay tuned, as our reliable experts at Icon Surveyors bring you all the essential information you need to confidently navigate the world of party wall surveying. With our expertise in residential surveying, boundary surveying, building surveying, and valuation, we are dedicated to helping you achieve the best possible outcomes for your property development projects throughout England and Wales.

Understanding Party Wall Surveying: Your Complete Guide

The Party Wall Act 1996: A Brief Overview

The Party Wall Act 1996 is a comprehensive piece of legislation that governs construction activities in England and Wales on or near party walls and shared boundaries. The primary objective of the Act is to prevent disputes arising between neighbours while ensuring that construction work proceeds smoothly within the confines of the law.

Some key aspects of the Act include:

1. Notice Requirement: Property owners are required to notify their neighbours in writing about any planned construction work that may affect the shared boundary or party wall. The notice must be given at least two months before starting any party wall works or one month for excavation works.

2. Consent: Adjoining property owners can either give written consent, express reservations, or simply not respond within 14 days of receiving the notice. In the event of a disagreement, the Act outlines procedures for dispute resolution.

3. Surveyor Appointment: When a dispute arises, the respective property owners have the option to appoint a single agreed surveyor or their own individual surveyors. The surveyor(s) will work towards resolving the conflict and determine the terms and conditions of a Party Wall Award.

The Role of a Party Wall Surveyor

A party wall surveyor is a professional with expertise in dealing with shared boundaries, party walls, and the Party Wall Act. They play a critical role in maintaining harmony between neighbours during construction activities and ensuring compliance with the Act. Key aspects of a party wall surveyor's responsibilities include:

1. Providing Expert Advice: A surveyor can offer guidance on whether the proposed work falls under the remit of the Act, the type of notice required, and the repercussions of non-compliance.

2. Preparing Notices and Agreements: The surveyor can prepare and serve the appropriate notices on behalf of the property owner and, if required, help draft a Party Wall Agreement that outlines the rights and obligations of both parties.

3. Assessing and Recording the Condition: Before construction works commence, the surveyor can assess the current condition of the shared boundary or wall. This serves as a reference point in case there is a dispute about damages caused by the construction work.

4. Resolving Disputes: In the event of a disagreement, the surveyor helps resolve the conflict by determining the terms and conditions of the Party Wall Award, which is a legally binding document outlining the arrangements for the construction work.

The Party Wall Agreement: Types and Key Components

A Party Wall Agreement is a written document that outlines the rights, obligations, and procedures for a construction project affecting a party wall or shared boundary. There are two main types of agreements:

1. Party Wall Agreement by Consent: This is an agreement reached amicably between both parties, where they agree on the work to be carried out and any protection measures needed.

2. Party Wall Award: If the parties cannot agree, the surveyor(s) will prepare an award detailing the construction work, access provisions, and any other conditions necessary for the work to proceed lawfully.

Regardless of the type of agreement, it should include the following key components:

  • Description of the proposed work
  • Schedules of conditions, including photos, to document the current state of the structures
  • Insurance and indemnity provisions
  • Measures for protection of adjoining properties
  • Agreed working hours
  • Dispute resolution procedures

Common Party Wall Disputes and Resolutions

While many party wall matters are resolved amicably, disputes can occasionally arise. Some common causes of conflicts include:

1. Notice Disputes: Disagreements may arise if the proper notice has not been given, or if the content of the notice is inaccurate or incomplete.

2. Liability Concerns: Neighbours may be concerned about potential damages to their property or disruptions caused by the construction work.

3. Access Disputes: Conflicts can arise if one party denies the other access to their property for necessary construction work.

Seeking professional advice from a party wall surveyor early in the process can significantly reduce the likelihood of disputes. If disagreements do arise, the surveyor can help resolve them by providing expert guidance, facilitating discussions, and, if necessary, determining a Party Wall Award. This approach ensures a fair solution for all parties involved while adhering to the Party Wall Act.


Understanding party wall surveying is crucial for property owners and developers in England and Wales undertaking construction work near shared boundaries. With the expert guidance of a professional party wall surveyor like Icon Surveyors, you can navigate the complexities of the Party Wall Act with confidence, ensuring compliance and fostering amicable relationships with your neighbours. Investing time and resources early on in the process will help you avoid disputes, protect your property, and achieve the best possible outcome for your construction project.

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We are a team of party wall surveying experts based throughout London and the surrounding areas. Here, we share informative property survey blogs created by industry experts.



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